Many people have the notion that the birth of casinos is associated with the criminal business of American mafiosi conducting illegal activities in the XX century. Despite this, the history of gambling has a rather long existence.
The history of online casinos
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Reliably unknown is the exact date of the origin of the casino. Some historians mention that the first information about gambling appeared in China over two millennia BC.
There is a claim that in Ancient Egypt there were organized games of dice. The dice fragments found in the tombs are very similar to those of today. It is also believed that the Romans have contributed to the history of sweepstakes, organizing races on chariots and gladiatorial fights in the open air.
The history of casino development did not pass over Europe, either. The first official casino in the world was the gambling house “Ridotto”, opened with the support of the authorities in Venice. The date of its foundation is 1638. It was located in Moses church to control gambling, held during the annual spring carnival.
Access to the gambling establishment was closed to the poor. In ancient times, the casino was considered a luxury only for the wealthy members of the aristocracy, who gathered in close circles to enjoy their favorite game. In 1765, the first French gambling house with official status was opened. Its foundation was approved by Cardinal Mazarini, whose purpose was to collect taxes from such activities into the royal treasury. At that time, the game of roulette emerged. Americans owed its appearance to French settlers.
In the mid-18th century, the procession of gambling through Europe continued. The elite allowed themselves to lose a fortune over a game of cards. Most of the gambling establishments’ visitors made especially big bets and went bankrupt. This led to the fact that at the end of the XIX century in several European countries stopped the work of many casinos. The only Mecca for the rich and middle class was the Monte Carlo Casino in Monaco.
Beginning in the 19th century, there began a rapid development of gambling in America. Gambling houses were opened in many states, where all fans of gambling gathered to try their luck. Later, these institutions evolved into saloons, where cowboys played card games. Particularly attractive to the American population was the game of Black Jack, now popularly known as point or poker.
Despite this, discrimination against gambling did not stop Native American reservations and sailors, and some games were legalized almost all over America. Eventually, large gambling houses began to operate in Atlantic City and Las Vegas.